ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 Protection Of Records

Home / ISO 27001 Annex A Controls / ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 Protection Of Records

ISO 27001 Protection Of Records

In this ultimate guide to ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 Protection Of Records you will learn

  • What is ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 
  • How to implement ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33

I am Stuart Barker, the ISO 27001 Ninja and author of the Ultimate ISO 27001 Toolkit.

With over 30 years industry experience I will show you what’s new, give you ISO 27001 templates, show you examples, do a walkthrough and show you how to implement it for ISO 27001 certification.

What is ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33?

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 Protection of Records is an ISO 27001 Annex A control that wants you to protect records in line with legal, regulatory, statutory and contractual requirements as well as societal and community expectations. It is about protecting records from unauthorised access, loss or destruction, tampering or falsification and unauthorised release and sharing.


The purpose of ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 Protection of Records is to ensure you comply with legal, statutory, regulatory and contractual requirements related to the protection and availability of records.

Organisations should have a clear understanding of their obligations when it comes to the protection of records and make sure that they adhere to those requirements.


The ISO 27001 standard defines ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 Protection of Records as:

Records should be protected from loss, destruction, falsification, unauthorised access and unauthorised release.

ISO 27001:2022 Annex A 5.33

Implementation Guide

Decide what kinds of protection are included

The kinds of protection expected include protecting the authenticity, reliability, integrity and usability of records. You will consider this protection in the context of the business and its requirements and how that changes over time.

Decide what kind of records are included

Records is just another term for the data and information an organisation retains and/or uses to carry out its day to day business activities. It can include

  1. Individual events
  2. Transactions
  3. Work processes
  4. Activities
  5. Functions

You can manage any set of information as a record, irrespective of either its structure or its form.

Issue Guidelines

Guidelines on how you store, transfer and dispose of records will be issued.

Topic specific policy on records management

You are going to implement an ISO 27001 Documents and Records Policy.

Retention schedule

A retention schedule for records will be implemented that sets out how long you retain records.


Where you operate and the legislation that applies to you as recorded in your ISO 27001 legal register and covered in ISO 27001 Annex A 5.31 Legal, regulatory, statutory and contractual requirements.

Record Destruction

You will implement procedures that destroy records in a safe and appropriate manner the moment they’re not needed and / or after the end of the retention period defined in the retention schedule.


Following your information classification and handling policy and your classification scheme you will apply that to records.

Retrieval times

You will make sure that any storage procedures and process include an acceptable timeframe for retrieval. These will also take into account and third party or external requests for records.


Where encryption is implemented as a control to mitigate risk you will, of course, ensure that they keys to decrypt are available. Consider the guidance in ISO27001 Annex A 8.24 Use of Cryptography.

Manufacture Guidelines

You will follow the guidelines from the suppliers and manufacturers for storage and handling and you will take into account the possibility of media deteriorating over time.

Meta Data

The data that describes a record, its context, structure and other attributes is referred to as meta data and is seen as an essential component of any record.

ISO 27001 Templates

Having an ISO 27001 template for control 5.33 can help fast track your implementation. The ISO 27001 Toolkit is a the ultimate resource for your ISO 27001 implementation including all the documents and templates that you need for Annex A 5.33 Protection of Records. As always, we recommend that you should seek legal advice.


All the templates, tools, support and knowledge you need to do it yourself.

ISO 27001 Toolkit Business Edition

What are the Benefits of ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 Protection of Records?

Other than your ISO 27001 certification requiring it, the following are the top 5 benefits of ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 Protection of Records: 

  1. You cannot get ISO 27001 certification without it.
  2. Improved security: You will have an effective information security implementation that meets your external requirements for law, regulation, statute and contracts
  3. Reduced risk: You will reduce the information security risks of not meeting external requirements and obligations
  4. Improved compliance: Standards and regulations require you to meet your external requirements
  5. Reputation Protection: In the event of a breach having an effective legal, regulatory, statutory and contract protection of records process in place will reduce the potential for fines and reduce the PR impact of an event

Why is ISO 27001 5.33 Protection of Records important?

By putting in procedures and addressing protection of records requirements we seek to ensure that the business remains compliant with any legislation and protects records based on risk, business need, legal, regulatory, statutory or society exceptions.

ISO 27001 Controls and Attribute values

Control typeInformation
security properties
Security domains
PreventiveAvailabilityIdentifyLegal and complianceDefence
IntegrityProtectAsset management
ConfidentialityInformation protection