ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 Information Security Risk Assessment

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ISO 27001 Information Security Risk Assessment

In this article I lay bare ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 Information Security Risk Assessment.

Using over two decades of experience on hundreds of ISO 27001 audits and ISO 27001 certifications I am going to show you what’s new, give you templates, show you examples and do a walkthrough.

In this ISO 27001 certification guide I show you exactly what changed in the ISO 27001:2022 update.

I am Stuart Barker the ISO 27001 Ninja and this is ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2

What is ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 Information Security Risk Assessment?

The ISO 27001 standard requires an organisation to establish and maintain information security risk assessment processes that include the risk acceptance and assessment criteria.

This clause is all about risk assessment. The ISO 27001 standard for ISO 27001 certification wants you define and implement a risk assessment process.

That risk assessment process has to set out risk criteria which are the parameters of your risk management.

What are the ISO 27001:2022 Changes to Clause 6.1.2?

There are no changes to ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 in the 2022 update.

ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 Implementation Guide

Risk acceptance criteria

You will set out what your risk acceptance criteria is. This is straightforward, and is a definition under what circumstances you will accept risks. This can also be very straightforward, and the easiest way is to implement risk scoring and set a particular score at which you will accept risk. Of course, you will also have the ability to override this structured approach to risk acceptance. Usually this is done by allowing the Management Review Team or the Senior Management Team to accept risks.

Criteria for performing information security risk assessments

The circumstances in which you perform a risk assessment will be defined and documented. You will perform a complete risk assessment at least annually or when significant change occurs. In addition, risk assessments will form part of your supplier onboarding process, your change management processes and potentially other areas of your business.

Consistent Risk Assessment

Under the standard you are to ‘ensure that repeated information security risk assessments produce consistent, valid and comparable results;’. This is straightforward to do by writing and documenting your risk management process, implementing a risk register and having consistent and effective risk scoring. By ensuring the process is in place and can be easily followed, with strict definitions and scoring the process will produce consistent results.

Risk Identification

Risk identification can often be confusing if you are not used to it. There is a usual approach to over complicate matters. This leads to a complicated risk framework with a risk register overpopulated with risks which can easily become unwieldy and unmanageable.

We must bear in mind that risk identification only applies to the in-scope products and services. The thing that we are going for ISO 27001 certification for. There is a benefit to widen the risk management coverage, but the standard only applies to what is in scope.

In addition, we are only concerned for ISO 27001 certification with risks associated with the loss of confidentiality, integrity and availability for information.

Identify Risk Owners

Risk owners must be identified. It is expected that risks are assigned to individuals and not to teams. This ensures accountability and true ownership. It is acceptable to assign risk ownership to roles rather than named individuals but assigning them to teams should be avoided.

Analyse the information security risks

Once identified and assigned to owners’ risks will be analysed.

  • assess the potential consequences that would result if the risks identified in 6.1.2c) were to materialise
  • assess the realistic likelihood of the occurrence of the risks identified in 6.1.2 c)
  • determine the levels of risk

Evaluate the information security risks

Once we have the risks, we are going to analyse the information security risks to compare the results of risk analysis with the risk criteria established and prioritise the analysed risks for risk treatment.

ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 Templates

ISO 27001 templates are a great way to implement your information security management system. Whilst an ISO 27001 Toolkit can save you up to 30x in consulting fees and allow you to deliver up to 10x faster these individual templates help meet the specific requirements of ISO 27001 clause 6.1.2.

ISO 27001 Risk Register Template
ISO 27001 Risk Management Policy Template
ISO27001 Risk Management Procedure Template

DO IT YOURSELF

ISO 27001

ISO 27001 Toolkit Business Edition

ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 FAQ

What is ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 Information security risk assessment?

The ISO 27001 standard requires an organisation to establish and maintain information security risk assessment processes that include the risk acceptance and assessment criteria.

Where can I download ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 Information security risk assessment templates?

You can download Clause 6.1.2 Information security risk assessment templates in the ISO 27001 Toolkit.

ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 Information security risk assessment templates example

An example of Clause 6.1.2 Information security risk assessment can be found in the ISO 27001 Toolkit.

Is there an ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 risk register?

Yes. A complete guide to the ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 risk register can be found here.

Is there a guide to the risk management policy used in ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2?

A guide to the ISO 27001 risk management policy used by ISO 27001 Clause 6.1.2 is located here.

ISO 27001 Toolkit Business Edition

Do It Yourself ISO 27001

ISO 27001:2022 requirements

Organisational Controls - A5

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.1 Policies for information security

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.2 Information Security Roles and Responsibilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.3 Segregation of duties

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.4 Management responsibilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.5 Contact with authorities

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.6 Contact with special interest groups

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.7 Threat intelligence – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.8 Information security in project management

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.9 Inventory of information and other associated assets – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.10 Acceptable use of information and other associated assets – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.11 Return of assets

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.11 Return of assets

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.13 Labelling of information

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.14 Information transfer

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.15 Access control

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.16 Identity management

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.17 Authentication information – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.18 Access rights – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.19 Information security in supplier relationships

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.20 Addressing information security within supplier agreements

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.21 Managing information security in the ICT supply chain – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.22 Monitoring, review and change management of supplier services – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.23 Information security for use of cloud services – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.24 Information security incident management planning and preparation – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.25 Assessment and decision on information security events 

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.26 Response to information security incidents

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.27 Learning from information security incidents

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.28 Collection of evidence

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.29 Information security during disruption – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.31 Identification of legal, statutory, regulatory and contractual requirements

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.32 Intellectual property rights

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 Protection of records

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.34 Privacy and protection of PII

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.35 Independent review of information security

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.36 Compliance with policies and standards for information security

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.37 Documented operating procedures 

Technology Controls - A8

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.1 User Endpoint Devices

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.2 Privileged Access Rights

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.3 Information Access Restriction

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.4 Access To Source Code

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.5 Secure Authentication

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.6 Capacity Management

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.7 Protection Against Malware

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.8 Management of Technical Vulnerabilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.9 Configuration Management 

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.10 Information Deletion

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.11 Data Masking

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.12 Data Leakage Prevention

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.13 Information Backup

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.14 Redundancy of Information Processing Facilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.15 Logging

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.16 Monitoring Activities

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.17 Clock Synchronisation

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.18 Use of Privileged Utility Programs

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.19 Installation of Software on Operational Systems

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.20 Network Security

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.21 Security of Network Services

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.22 Segregation of Networks

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.23 Web Filtering

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.24 Use of CryptographyISO27001 Annex A 8.25 Secure Development Life Cycle

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.26 Application Security Requirements

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.27 Secure Systems Architecture and Engineering Principles

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.28 Secure Coding

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.29 Security Testing in Development and Acceptance

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.30 Outsourced Development

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.31 Separation of Development, Test and Production Environments

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.32 Change Management

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.33 Test Information

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.34 Protection of information systems during audit testing