ISO 27001 Annex A 8.31 Separation of Development, Test and Production Environments

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What is ISO 27001 Separation of Development, Test and Production Environments?

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.31 Separation of Development, Test and Production Environments is an ISO 27001 control that requires us to have separate environments for each part of the development lifecycle and to be managing those environments.

Purpose

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.31 is a preventive control to protect the production environment and data from compromise by development and test activities.

Definition

The ISO 27001 standard defines ISO 27001 Annex A 8.31 as:

Rules for the secure development of software and systems should be established and applied.

ISO27001:2022 Annex A 31 Separation of Development, Test and Production Environments

Implementation Guide

This is probably a no brainer requirement when it comes to your development lifecycle and you will adapt the requirement as needed by you based on the feedback and input of your specialist resources. The basic principle of segregation will hold whether we are talking a virtual or physical environment.

The key to this control is to document everything and be able to demonstrate evidence that the control is working.

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Separate Environments

You are going to make sure that for the in-scope developments that you have separate development, test and live environments with the appropriate management and controls in place around this. This will include the process of promoting through those environments and the authorisations and approvals and acceptance.

In the production environment you will remove development tools and utility programs such as compliers and editors.

Confidential, personal and sensitive data will not exist other than in the production environment.

Environment Management

Consideration for the management of the environments, the versions, the software, the patching, updating and access will be in place. Secure configurations will be documented and in place.

Monitoring and logging will apply, as appropriate – ISO 27001 Annex A 8.16 Monitoring Activities, ISO 27001 Annex A 7.4 Physical Security Monitoring.

Backups, backup process and evidence of backups will be implemented – ISO 27001 Annex A 8.13 Information Backup

Approval processes will be put in place and there will NOT be the ability for one person to change all environments without that approval. Segregation of duty will be deployed. Changes will be controlled.

You will define and document and implement rules for the authorisation and management through the different environments.

Conclusion

Many if not all of the controls that apply to this control are covered elsewhere. Be it the experience, licensing, technical controls access controls but consider them in the context of this clause and be able to evidence them as they apply to separation of environments.

The best advice is to seek the help of your qualified and experienced technical teams that specialise in the management of environments.

ISO 27001:2022 requirements

Organisational Controls - A5

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.1 Policies for information security

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.2 Information Security Roles and Responsibilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.3 Segregation of duties

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.4 Management responsibilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.5 Contact with authorities

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.6 Contact with special interest groups

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.7 Threat intelligence – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.8 Information security in project management

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.9 Inventory of information and other associated assets – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.10 Acceptable use of information and other associated assets – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.11 Return of assets

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.11 Return of assets

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.13 Labelling of information

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.14 Information transfer

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.15 Access control

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.16 Identity management

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.17 Authentication information – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.18 Access rights – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.19 Information security in supplier relationships

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.20 Addressing information security within supplier agreements

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.21 Managing information security in the ICT supply chain – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.22 Monitoring, review and change management of supplier services – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.23 Information security for use of cloud services – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.24 Information security incident management planning and preparation – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.25 Assessment and decision on information security events 

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.26 Response to information security incidents

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.27 Learning from information security incidents

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.28 Collection of evidence

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.29 Information security during disruption – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.31 Identification of legal, statutory, regulatory and contractual requirements

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.32 Intellectual property rights

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 Protection of records

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.34 Privacy and protection of PII

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.35 Independent review of information security

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.36 Compliance with policies and standards for information security

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.37 Documented operating procedures 

Technology Controls - A8

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.1 User Endpoint Devices

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.2 Privileged Access Rights

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.3 Information Access Restriction

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.4 Access To Source Code

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.5 Secure Authentication

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.6 Capacity Management

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.7 Protection Against Malware

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.8 Management of Technical Vulnerabilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.9 Configuration Management 

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.10 Information Deletion

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.11 Data Masking

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.12 Data Leakage Prevention

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.13 Information Backup

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.14 Redundancy of Information Processing Facilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.15 Logging

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.16 Monitoring Activities

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.17 Clock Synchronisation

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.18 Use of Privileged Utility Programs

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.19 Installation of Software on Operational Systems

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.20 Network Security

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.21 Security of Network Services

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.22 Segregation of Networks

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.23 Web Filtering

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.24 Use of CryptographyISO27001 Annex A 8.25 Secure Development Life Cycle

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.26 Application Security Requirements

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.27 Secure Systems Architecture and Engineering Principles

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.28 Secure Coding

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.29 Security Testing in Development and Acceptance

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.30 Outsourced Development

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.31 Separation of Development, Test and Production Environments

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.32 Change Management

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.33 Test Information

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.34 Protection of information systems during audit testing