ISO 27001 Annex A 8.25 Secure Development Life Cycle

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What is ISO 27001 Secure Development?

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.25 Secure Development Life Cycle is an ISO 27001 control that requires us to develop code and software and systems with information security designed and built in. You may hear the term – ‘security by design and default’.

Purpose

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.25 is a preventive control to ensure information security is designed and implemented within the secure development life cycle of software and systems.

Definition

The ISO 27001 standard defines ISO 27001 Annex A 8.25 as:

Rules for the secure development of software and systems should be established and applied.

ISO27001:2022 Annex A 8.25 Secure Development Life Cycle

Implementation Guide

I am not in the business of telling you how to develop either systems or software. These are professions in their own right. What I am going to do is show you want the ISO 27001 standard expects in the implementation for you to achieve ISO 27001 certification. These are on the whole, no brainers, common sense and what you would expect but let us take a look anyway.

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Secure Development Policy

The first step is to create, or download, your secure development policy. The secure development policy set’s out what you do for information security in the context of software and systems development. It does not set out how you do it, as how you do it is covered in your processes.

The ISO 27001 Template is the quickest way to do this but you can also take a look and write it yourself.

ISO 27001 Secure Development Policy Template

Coding Guidelines

You are going to make sure that you have documented coding guidelines. These can be standard guidelines or industry best practice, and you likely already do this today, just make sure that this written down, communicated and available to those that need it.

Separate Environments

You are going to make sure that for the inscope developments that you have separate development, test and live environments with the appropriate management and controls in place around this. This will include the process of promoting through those environments and the authorisations and approvals and acceptance.

Specification and Design

What ever methodology you use it is likely to have a specification and design phase. I am not sure of a situation where you would not, although could, but it is at these phases that you will evidence that information security was considered. Here we place a lot of reliance on ISO 27001 Annex A 5.8 Information Security In Project Management. The same is true when it comes to security checkpoints in projects.

The advice here would be to have in your project management either a placeholder in an existing template / document or create a security specific one. Be sure you are considering things like access requirements, data transfers, technical controls, risks and risk mitigations. Have checkpoints with go / no go decisions and a process for what you do if the checkpoint fails.

Testing

All secure development will have testing. It is not our place, again, to tell you how to test as again, this is a profession in its own right but there must be a level of security testing in place that looks at the three parts of information security being confidentiality, integrity and availability.

Simple testing that can be considered here would be penetration testing, vulnerability testing, regression testing, code scanning and code testing.

Code Repositories

The configuration and management of code and code libraries should be carefully considered and documented. Many tools exist that can help with this and automate many of the tasks.

Knowledge and Experience

The standard touches on this in a number of areas, having people with the right knowledge and / or experience to perform the role. This is also true of the secure development lifecycle. Having a competency matrix and being able to point to qualifications or certifications will help. Where there are gaps a plan, such as training, should be in place but these are basic HR and people functions that are common place in any role.

Outsourced Development

If you outsource your development then the third party supplier controls will apply. The main thing is to ensure they meet your requirements for secure development but all relevant controls will apply to them.

Conclusion

Many if not all of the controls that apply to this control are covered elsewhere. Be it the experience, licensing, technical controls but consider them in the context of this clause and be able to evidence them as they apply to secure development.

ISO 27001:2022 requirements

Organisational Controls - A5

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.1 Policies for information security

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.2 Information Security Roles and Responsibilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.3 Segregation of duties

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.4 Management responsibilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.5 Contact with authorities

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.6 Contact with special interest groups

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.7 Threat intelligence – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.8 Information security in project management

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.9 Inventory of information and other associated assets – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.10 Acceptable use of information and other associated assets – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.11 Return of assets

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.11 Return of assets

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.13 Labelling of information

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.14 Information transfer

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.15 Access control

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.16 Identity management

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.17 Authentication information – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.18 Access rights – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.19 Information security in supplier relationships

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.20 Addressing information security within supplier agreements

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.21 Managing information security in the ICT supply chain – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.22 Monitoring, review and change management of supplier services – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.23 Information security for use of cloud services – new

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.24 Information security incident management planning and preparation – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.25 Assessment and decision on information security events 

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.26 Response to information security incidents

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.27 Learning from information security incidents

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.28 Collection of evidence

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.29 Information security during disruption – change

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.31 Identification of legal, statutory, regulatory and contractual requirements

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.32 Intellectual property rights

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.33 Protection of records

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.34 Privacy and protection of PII

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.35 Independent review of information security

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.36 Compliance with policies and standards for information security

ISO 27001 Annex A 5.37 Documented operating procedures 

Technology Controls - A8

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.1 User Endpoint Devices

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.2 Privileged Access Rights

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.3 Information Access Restriction

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.4 Access To Source Code

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.5 Secure Authentication

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.6 Capacity Management

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.7 Protection Against Malware

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.8 Management of Technical Vulnerabilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.9 Configuration Management 

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.10 Information Deletion

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.11 Data Masking

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.12 Data Leakage Prevention

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.13 Information Backup

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.14 Redundancy of Information Processing Facilities

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.15 Logging

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.16 Monitoring Activities

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.17 Clock Synchronisation

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.18 Use of Privileged Utility Programs

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.19 Installation of Software on Operational Systems

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.20 Network Security

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.21 Security of Network Services

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.22 Segregation of Networks

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.23 Web Filtering

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.24 Use of CryptographyISO27001 Annex A 8.25 Secure Development Life Cycle

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.26 Application Security Requirements

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.27 Secure Systems Architecture and Engineering Principles

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.28 Secure Coding

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.29 Security Testing in Development and Acceptance

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.30 Outsourced Development

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.31 Separation of Development, Test and Production Environments

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.32 Change Management

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.33 Test Information

ISO 27001 Annex A 8.34 Protection of information systems during audit testing